His Holiness Shah Satnam Singh Ji Maharaj incarnated on Jan. 25, 1919 in the holy villageSri Jalalana Sahib in district Sirsa in Haryana(India). The most respected father Shri Wareyam Singh Ji and most revered mother Aas Kaur Ji were learned and pious souls. His Holiness was an eminent landlord of the village and belonged to a Sidhu family. His Holiness was the only child of his parents. From the very childhood, Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji had true love for God and wanted to achieve Him. So His Holiness started his search for a perfect spiritual saint who could fulfill his desire of realizing God. During this search, His Holiness met many persons who were known as great devotees of God. His Holiness listened to their preachings, practised them after studying them deeply but none could satisfy him and make him achieve his aim.
Once, His Holiness got a chance to attend a spiritual discourse of Mastana Ji Maharaj and to have his pious darshan. His Holiness was very much impressed by Shah Mastana Ji and felt that Shah Mastana Ji was the perfect master, He had been searching for. His Holiness developed utmost faith in Shah Mastana Ji. After that, His Holiness attended Satsangs (spiritual congregations) of Shah Mastana Ji for three consecutive years and also served his fellow disciples selflessly. Whenever His Holiness expressed his desire to learn Meditation (Naam– the holy Words) from Shah Mastana Ji, Mastana Ji Maharaj refused him saying, “When the time will come, we will call you of our own and will bless you with the Naam. Kaal (the negative Power) will not harm you in any manner till that time and you keep on attending the Satsangs”.
On March 14, 1954 Shah Mastana Ji conducted a Satsang (spiritual discourse) in village Ghukeyanwali near Sirsa. After the completion of Satsang, Mastana Ji Maharaj called Shah Satnam Singh Ji and said, “Come inside and sit near the chair. Tonight the order from Almighty has come to teach you Meditation (Naam). Making Shah Satnam Ji sit by his side, Shah Mastana Ji said,” We have called you for Meditation (Naam) and have made you sit by our side as we have to entrust you with some very important responsibility. We will make you that leader of “Zindaram” (Spirituality) who will shower the blessings of Naam (Meditation) on the world”. “Sant bachan
palte nahin, palat jaye brahamand” — meaning — the statement of a Perfect Saint always proves to be true. The law of universe may change, but the statement of a Spiritual Adept never changes and certainly produces the said effect).
The secret was disclosed by Mastana Ji Maharaj on 28th February, 1960. The respected parents of Shah Satnam Singh Ji had named him Shri Harbans Singh. But, Shah Mastana Ji Maharaj, who made him his successor, blessed him with the Spiritual Wealth and honorably named him ‘Shah Satnam Singh Ji’. Shah Mastana Ji said, “We tested Satnam Singh Ji in every manner but never let him have any idea about it. Shah Satnam Singh Ji in order to Learn Meditation (the holy Naam) had to demolish his house and had to bear humiliation.” Shah Mastana Ji further said, “Today we have transformed Sardar Satnam Singh Ji from an ordinary person to the Supreme Being”.
Explaining reason why His Holiness chose the name ‘Satnam’ for his successor, Shah Mastana Ji said, “Satnam is the name of the power which controls the universe. It is the supporting power due to which the world exists”.
Then Shah Mastana Ji expressing a doubt, said, “Only a part of the world population believe in Saints and others pay no attention to them. How will they get salvation of the soul which is gripped in the cycle of births and deaths(Cycle of Transmigration)? “. Later Shah Mastana Ji himself explained, “The soul of any such person who will utter ‘Satnam’ or who will have His ( Shah Satnam Singh Ji’s ) pious darshan will never go to hell”. His Holiness, in front of a massive public gathering in Dera Sacha Sauda, openly declared Shah Satnam Singh Ji as his Spiritual successor. For this purpose, Shah Mastana Ji also carried out a mass procession in the streets of Sirsa. His Holiness did all this to let people of Sirsa know that Sardar Sahib Ji of Jalalana was the new spiritual head of Dera Sacha Sauda. Shah Mastana Ji left for his heavenly abode on 18th April, 1963. After taking charge of Dera Sacha Sauda, Shah Satnam Singh Ji built the building of Dera Sacha Sauda, Sirsa on the foundation laid by Shah Mastana Ji.
His Holiness expanded the ashrams built by Shah Mastana Ji and built a new ashram in Barnava near Meerut (Uttar Pradesh). His Holiness wrote more than 20 books and 1500 hymns in different languages. These are very impressive and are written in so simple language that even a 5 year old child can understand them easily. As per the sweet will of Shah Mastana Ji , Shah Satnam Ji started an exemplary system of marriages in the ashram. Under this system, the marriages are held in a very simple manner without any superstitions, customs, extravagant formalities or considerations of dowry. Till today, this practice is going on as such.
Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji had begun to give Naam to the people three years(1963) after the departure of Mastana Ji Maharaj from this world. His Holiness carried out this assigned task with utmost dedication for almost a period of 27 years(19631990). His Holiness showered unforgettable blessings and love upon his followers. The devotees will always remain indebted to him for his love and kindness. His Holiness held spiritual discourses(Satsangs) in 2250 villages and many cities of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. His Holiness initiated 11,08429 souls on the path of God realization in a period of 27 years and 4 months. His Holiness made lakhs of people realize the presence of God by teaching them the method of Meditation.The inspiration provided by the teachings of His Holiness enabled lakhs of people to give up non-vegetarian food, liquor and illicit relationships.
In the year 1989, Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji expressed his desire to pass all his rights to the deserving successor. In this regard, for one year and two months, His Holiness held regular meetings and consultations with his disciples so that no doubts regarding the validity of successor should arise afterwards. His Holiness said ” We don’t want any confusion or infringement to arise regarding the successor as has been happening earlier. Therefore, we will appoint our successor in such a magnificent way which no one has ever been able to do and nor anyone will ever be able to do in future”. On 23rd September,1990, in a formal ceremony in Dera Sacha Sauda, His Holiness, in the presence of large number of devotees, appointed and declared Sant Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji as his successor. Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji, while addressing the devotees, said, “The divine blessings have been showered upon Sant Gurmeet Ram Raheem Singh Ji are as per the order of Mastana Ji Maharaj. It was the will of the Lord and so it has happened. We have appointed Sant Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji as our successor”. Also, Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji issued an order which is as follows:
Any person who will love Sant Ji (Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji Maharaj), will mean that he loves us (Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji).Anyone who will obey him, obeys us. A person who trusts him, trusts us. If anybody has ill feeling for him, it means he has the same for us.
This spiritual wealth is never bestowed upon seeing the false show off. The person to whom this spiritual wealth is granted is an enlightened one right from his birth. Satguru, by his grace, brings him before public. Satguru showers his blessings on his successor and makes him do the work which the people of the world cannot even imagine.
A Muslim Saint has rightly said:–
“Wich sharabe rang musalla, je Murshid farmave, Wakifkar kadimi hunda, galti kadi na khave”.
[ This means that whatever order one receives from the Satguru (the Spiritual Master) should be complied with because Satguru can never be wrong. In this context, it means that Satguru himself knows the secret regarding his successor which he discloses at the appropriate time. His order should be complied with].
All this has happened in a manner similar to the one in which Shehanshah Mastana Ji had performed this ceremony (declaration of the successor). At that time no body could understand it. Later on they had to accept it. This happened with kindness and blessings of Mastana Ji Maharaj. No power in the world could affect the blessings that Shah Mastana Ji bestowed upon Shah Satnam Singh Ji. Every such person who will comply with the order of his Satguru will always be happy. Negative thoughts(Mun) may try to mislead you, but a devotee who remembers and follows the orders of his Satguru (the Master) will be able to save himself from the negative moves and the Satguru will always be present with him.
Hukumnama ( The Order): Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji Maharaj, Dera Sacha Sauda, Sirsa (Haryana). Dated : 23rd September, 1990. With this ceremony, Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji handed over the charge of Dera Sacha Sauda and its followers to Sant Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji and said “From today onwards we have made ourselves free from the responsibilities of the Dera. Now our work is to only have a simple meal and pray to God. Sant Ji (Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh Ji Maharaj) will take care of all the affairs of the Dera. Any person who wants to contact us for some work, should contact Sant Ji. We will only watch the coming devotees”. The Supreme Being incarnates on this planet in the form of a true Spiritual Saint to show mankind the right path which leads to their actual goal i.e. to to get salvation for their souls from the vicious cycle of birth and death( cycle of transmigration) by realizing God. Param Pita Shah Satnam Singh Ji was the Spiritual Adept who incarnated in this world for this very purpose. His Holiness performed his duty very successfully, passed on his spiritual wealth to his successor and went back to his original home – the Home of the Lord on December 13, 1990.